Membrane channels are a precondition for all living matter. www.nobelprize.org
Nervous system   Action Potentials   Potassium Channel

A. L. Hodgkin, A. Huxley (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1963) for their discoveries concerning "the ionic mechanisms in the nerve cell membrane"

E. Neher, B. Sakmann (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1991) for their discoveries concerning "the function of single ion channels in cells"

P. Agre, R. MacKinnon (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2003) for their discoveries concerning "channels in cell membranes"

Alan Lloyd HodgkinAndrew Fielding HuxleyErwin NeherBert SakmannPeter AgreRoderick MacKinnon

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